Color is one element of art. Hue, intensity, temperature and value are all components of color. Some authors and teachers say that value is so important they consider it separately from color and as a different element. I was taught that value is a component of color; it affects other components.
Hue is the name of a color; yellow, red, blue, etc. I named these 3 hues because they are primary hues/colors. They cannot be made by any other hues but they can make other hues. These are called secondary hues; they are made of 2 primary hues/colors. Yellow and red make orange; yellow and blue make green; blue and red make violet. Tertiary or intermediate colors are made by mixing one primary and one secondary color; tertiary colors are red-violet, red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green and blue-violet. This is the standard 12 hue color wheel. There are other types of color wheels. Black and white are not hues.
Intensity also called chroma or saturation is the brightness or dullness of a color. Pure red is bright. However if you add another color, i.e. green, the red will be less bright.
Temperature is the warmth or coolness of a color. Orange is a very warm color; red and yellow are also warm colors. Blue is a very cool color; green and violet are also cool colors.
Value is the lightness or darkness of a color. If you add white to red you create pink and the red is lighter with the white (tint with white). The pink will also be less bright than the red. You could also add yellow to the red. Since yellow is the lightest hue on the color wheel, you will lighten the red and also make it less intense. Violet is the darkest color on the color wheel. If you were to add black to red, this new color (shade with black) would be darker than the red; and less intense. If you added violet to the red, the color will be darker, cooler and less intense.
This is very limited information about color. I have not discussed complements, neutrals, analogous colors, etc.